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Stroke Signs and Rehab

Leah Sarich | posted Thursday, Jun 9th, 2016

strokepic

Fifty thousand Canadians suffer a stroke each year, over four thousand here in Alberta. June is Stroke Month and a great time to remind everyone what those stroke symptoms are so they can get the help they need as soon as possible. And if you’re going to have a stroke, you want to have it in Calgary. Our city has one of the leading stroke teams in the world based out of Foothills Hospital. And if someone recognizes they’re having a stroke and gets to the hospital in a timely manner, they have a better chance of survival because of this team.

I spoke with Dr. Stephen McNeil from the Department of Clinical Neurosciences who’s part of the stroke team. He says the most common sign of a stroke is sudden weakness, often on one side, though it can be just in the face or almost anywhere in the body. Other symptoms include sudden changes in speech or vision, balance problems and dizziness. Dr. McNeil says if a person is having these symptoms they need to get to the Emergency room right away so they can be assessed by the stroke team. Most strokes occur because  a blood vessel to the brain is blocked. So when a patient presents at the ER doctors are trying to work quickly to remove that blockage to reduce the amount of damage to the brain.

There are half a million Canadians living with post stroke deficits. But the stroke team at Foothills is prepared to help these patients return to the best quality of life possible. It’s a multidisciplinary approach to stroke rehabilitation. Depending on where the damage occurred in the brain, the stroke survivor will have certain deficits. Dr. McNeil says the most common deficits are weakness, pain, muscle stiffness, sensory loss, speech problems and changes in mood and behaviour. Dr. McNeil says there are many ways to help stroke survivors including various therapies, medications and injections. This rehabilitation can be done on an inpatient and outpatient basis and the therapies are most effective within three to six months of the stroke. However, Dr. McNeil says there can be improvements in speech and cognition years after a stroke.

Dr. McNeil encourages anyone who’s had a stroke to stay in touch with the stroke team because new therapies and treatments become available all the time that may not have been an option when the patient first went through rehab. He says it’s also possible for some stroke survivors to regress and they may require “tune-up therapy.”

For more information on stroke visit this website, for an outline of stroke signs and symptoms go here. 

 

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